Optic Nerve: millions of Yahoo webcam images intercepted by GCHQ | US news | The Guardian
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On March 31,Yahoo launched Shine, a site tailored for women seeking online information and advice between the ages of 25 and Mobile services Yahoo Mobile offers services for email, instant messaging, and mobile bloggingas well as information services, searches and alerts. Services for the camera phone include entertainment and ring tones. Yahoo introduced its Internet search system, called OneSearch, for mobile phones on March 20, The results include news headlines, images from Flickr, business listings, local weather and links to other sites.
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Optic Nerve: millions of Yahoo webcam images intercepted by GCHQ
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Yahoo Koprol was an Indonesian geo-tagging website that allowed users to share information about locations without the use of a GPS device. Koprol was acquired by Yahoo  a year following its inception and, in1. However, eighty percent of users were Indonesian. Yahoo made a notice that, starting in JuneMail Classic and other old versions of Yahoo Mail will be shut down. Yahoo had acquired the company in May and was to discontinue the service on August 5, The team at Astrid has supplied its customers with a data export tool and recommended former competitors such as Wunderlist and Sandglaz.
The slide was visible during an employee-only strategy webcast indicating changes in Yahoo's offerings. Under the "Merge" column were: For example, in JanuaryNotepad was no longer linked within the new Yahoo mail service, although it continued to be linked in the older Classic version.
Also, starting in mid- to late JanuaryNotepad was no longer searchable. Yeh further explained that other possibilities—including del. There are no such legal safeguards for searches on people believed to be in the US or the other allied "Five Eyes" nations — Australia, New Zealand and Canada.
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The undated document, from GCHQ's internal wiki information site, noted this capability was "now closed … but shortly to return! Also, the fact that the Yahoo software allows more than one person to view a webcam stream without necessarily sending a reciprocal stream means that it appears sometimes to be used for broadcasting pornography.
NSA ragout 1 Photograph: Guardian GCHQ did not make any specific attempts to prevent the collection or storage of explicit images, the documents suggest, but did eventually compromise by excluding images in which software had not detected any faces from search results — a bid to prevent many of the lewd shots being seen by analysts.
The system was not perfect at stopping those images reaching the eyes of GCHQ staff, though. An internal guide cautioned prospective Optic Nerve users that "there is no perfect ability to censor material which may be offensive.
Users who may feel uncomfortable about such material are advised not to open them". It further notes that "under GCHQ's offensive material policy, the dissemination of offensive material is a disciplinary offence".
NSA ragout 2 Photograph: Guardian Once collected, the metadata associated with the videos can be as valuable to the intelligence agencies as the images themselves. It is not fully clear from the documents how much access the NSA has to the Yahoo webcam trove itself, though all of the policy documents were available to NSA analysts through their routine information-sharing.
A previously revealed NSA metadata repository, codenamed Marina, has what the documents describe as a protocol class for webcam information. In its statement to the Guardian, Yahoo strongly condemned the Optic Nerve program, and said it had no awareness of or involvement with the GCHQ collection.
It filed a transparency lawsuit with the secret US surveillance court to disclose a case in which it was compelled to provide customer data to the surveillance agency, and it railed against the NSA's reported interception of information in transit between its data centers.
The documents do not refer to any specific court orders permitting collection of Yahoo's webcam imagery, but GCHQ mass collection is governed by the UK's Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, and requires certification by the foreign secretary, currently William Hague.
The Optic Nerve documentation shows legalities were being considered as new capabilities were being developed. Discussing adding automated facial matching, for example, analysts agreed to test a system before firming up its legal status for everyday use. While the documents do not detail efforts as widescale as those against Yahoo users, one presentation discusses with interest the potential and capabilities of the Xbox 's Kinect camera, saying it generated "fairly normal webcam traffic" and was being evaluated as part of a wider program.
Documents previously revealed in the Guardian showed the NSA were exploring the video capabilities of game consoles for surveillance purposes. Microsoft, the maker of Xbox, faced a privacy backlash last year when details emerged that the camera bundled with its new console, the Xbox One, would be always-on by default.
Beyond webcams and consoles, GCHQ and the NSA looked at building more detailed and accurate facial recognition tools, such as iris recognition cameras — "think Tom Cruise in Minority Report", one presentation noted.