What is Conservatism? | Yahoo Answers
Liberals and conservatives turn to and trust strikingly different news sources. local TV and Fox News, along with Yahoo News and Google News, which by at least nine-in-ten respondents, meaning that more respondents. a new movement in conservatism, usually seen as a move further to the right of the position currently occupied by conservatives in politics or in attitudes. [email protected] [email protected] based on the definition of accounting conservatism . consensus on one definition.
This new generation of conservatives derived their politics not from Burke but from his predecessor, the Viscount Bolingbroke —who was a Jacobite and traditional Tory, lacking Burke's sympathies for Whiggish policies such as Catholic emancipation and American independence famously attacked by Samuel Johnson in "Taxation No Tyranny".
In the first half of the 19th century, many newspapers, magazines and journals promoted loyalist or right-wing attitudes in religion, politics and international affairs.Dumbest Fails #54 - STUPID QUESTIONS On The Internet - Yahoo Answers (part 2)
Burke was seldom mentioned, but William Pitt the Younger — became a conspicuous hero. The most prominent journals included The Quarterly Review, founded in as a counterweight to the Whigs' Edinburgh Review and the even more conservative Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine.
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Sack finds that the Quarterly Review promoted a balanced Canningite toryism as it was neutral on Catholic emancipation and only mildly critical of Nonconformist Dissent; it opposed slavery and supported the current poor laws; and it was "aggressively imperialist".
Anchoring the ultra Tories, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine stood firmly against Catholic emancipation and favoured slavery, cheap money, mercantilism, the Navigation Acts and the Holy Alliance. The effect was to significantly strengthen conservatism as a grassroots political force. Conservatism no longer was the philosophical defense of the landed aristocracy, but had been refreshed into redefining its commitment to the ideals of order, both secular and religious, expanding imperialism, strengthened monarchy and a more generous vision of the welfare state as opposed to the punitive vision of the Whigs and liberals.
Although conservatives opposed attempts to allow greater representation of the middle class in parliament, they conceded that electoral reform could not be reversed and promised to support further reforms so long as they did not erode the institutions of church and state. These new principles were presented in the Tamworth Manifesto ofwhich historians regard as the basic statement of the beliefs of the new Conservative Party.
They saw the Anglican Church and the aristocracy as balances against commercial wealth. This marked the beginning of the transformation of British conservatism from High Tory reactionism towards a more modern form based on "conservation". The party became known as the Conservative Party as a result, a name it has retained to this day. However, Peel would also be the root of a split in the party between the traditional Tories led by the Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli and the "Peelites" led first by Peel himself, then by the Earl of Aberdeen.
The split occurred in over the issue of free tradewhich Peel supported, versus protectionismsupported by Derby. The majority of the party sided with Derby whilst about a third split away, eventually merging with the Whigs and the radicals to form the Liberal Party.
Despite the split, the mainstream Conservative Party accepted the doctrine of free trade in In the second half of the 19th century, the Liberal Party faced political schisms, especially over Irish Home Rule. Leader William Gladstone himself a former Peelite sought to give Ireland a degree of autonomy, a move that elements in both the left and right-wings of his party opposed. These split off to become the Liberal Unionists led by Joseph Chamberlainforming a coalition with the Conservatives before merging with them in The Liberal Unionist influence dragged the Conservative Party towards the left as Conservative governments passing a number of progressive reforms at the turn of the 20th century.
By the late 19th century, the traditional business supporters of the Liberal Party had joined the Conservatives, making them the party of business and commerce. In the interwar period, conservatism was the major ideology in Britain    as the Liberal Party vied with the Labour Party for control of the left. After the Second World Warthe first Labour government — under Clement Attlee embarked on a program of nationalization of industry and the promotion of social welfare.
The Conservatives generally accepted those policies until the s. Margaret Thatcher —during her leadership the Conservative Party has shifted their economic policies to the right, as well as Thatcherism. In the s, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcherguided by neoliberal economics, reversed many of Labour's programmes.
Joseph de Maistre — Another form of conservatism developed in France in parallel to conservatism in Britain. That those who express consistently conservative or consistently liberal opinions have different ways of informing themselves about politics and government is not surprising.
But the depth of these divisions — and the differences between those who have strong ideological views and those who do not — are striking. Overall, the study finds that consistent conservatives: Express greater distrust than trust of 24 of the 36 news sources measured in the survey. Are, when on Facebook, more likely than those in other ideological groups to hear political opinions that are in line with their own views. Are more likely to have friends who share their own political views.
By contrast, those with consistently liberal views: Are less unified in their media loyalty; they rely on a greater range of news outlets, including some — like NPR and the New York Times— that others use far less.
Express more trust than distrust of 28 of the 36 news outlets in the survey. Are more likely to follow issue-based groups, rather than political parties or candidates, in their Facebook feeds. Those with down-the-line conservative and liberal views do share some common ground; they are much more likely than others to closely follow government and political news. This carries over to their discussions of politics and government.
The questions cover a range of political values including attitudes about size and scope of government, the social safety net, immigration, homosexuality, business, the environment, foreign policy and racial discrimination.
Where people fall on this scale does not always align with whether they think of themselves as liberal, moderate or conservative. The full details about this scale can be found in Appendix A of that report.
- Political Polarization & Media Habits
- What is Conservatism?
While the picture drawn might be slightly different if those without internet access had been included, this report provides a thorough look at political information consumption by the large online population. It is important to note, though, that those at either end of the ideological spectrum are not isolated from dissenting views about politics.
Conservatism - Wikipedia
For those closer to the middle of the ideological spectrum, learning about politics, or discussing it with friends and family, is a less of a focus. Among the key findings: No other sources come close. Liberals Trust Many, Conservatives Trust Few At least as important as where people turn for news is whose news they trust.
And here, the ideological differences are especially stark. For those they had heard of, they were asked about their trust — or distrust — in each source.
Liberals, overall, trust a much larger mix of news outlets than others do.
Of the 36 different outlets considered, 28 are more trusted than distrusted by consistent liberals. Just eight earn higher shares of distrust than trust.
Still, among those eight, the levels of distrust can be high: Among consistent conservatives, by contrast, there are 24 sources that draw more distrust than trust.