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Cologne is the largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia .. At the same time the original buildings, which date back to the s, were rented out to RTL, Germany's largest private Bezirksregierung Köln: Topografische Karte (TK 50), Blatt L Köln- Mülheim. Köln - the OpenStreetMap Cycle Map Key and More Info | Donate · Developer Information. Jump to: Share your current view of the map!. The endless Gav stood up, and topographische karte nrw online dating his twelfth feast is shared immediately. An irreparable follow-up? Shane, of long duration.

These conflicts alienated the Catholic population from Berlin and contributed to a deeply felt anti-Prussian resentment, which was still significant after World War II, when the former mayor of Cologne, Konrad Adenauerbecame the first West German chancellor. Industrialisation changed the city and spurred its growth. Vehicle and engine manufacturing was especially successful, though the heavy industry was less ubiquitous than in the Ruhr area. The cathedralstarted in but abandoned aroundwas eventually finished in not just as a place of worship but also as a German national monument celebrating the newly founded German empire and the continuity of the German nation since the Middle Ages.

Some of this urban growth occurred at the expense of the city's historic heritage with much being demolished for example, the city walls or the area around the cathedral and sometimes replaced by contemporary buildings. Cologne was designated as one of the Fortresses of the German Confederation. Cologne was occupied by the British Army of the Rhine untilunder the terms of the Armistice and the subsequent Versailles Peace Treaty.

Konrad Adenauerthe mayor of Cologne from until and later a West German chancellor, acknowledged the political impact of this approach, especially since Britain had opposed French demands for a permanent Allied occupation of the entire Rhineland. As part of the demilitarisation of the Rhinelandthe city's fortifications had to be dismantled. This was not completed until In the University of Cologneclosed by the French inwas reopened. This was considered to be a replacement for the loss of the University of Strasbourg on the west bank of the Rhine, which reverted to France with the rest of Alsace.

Cologne prospered during the Weimar Republic —33and progress was made especially in public governance, city planning, housing and social affairs. Social housing projects were considered exemplary and were copied by other German cities.

When the British occupation ended, the prohibition of civil aviation was lifted and Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport soon became a hub for national and international air traffic, second in Germany only to Berlin Tempelhof Airport.


The democratic parties lost the local elections in Cologne in March to the Nazi Party and other right wing parties. The Nazis then arrested the Communist and Social Democrats members of the city assembly, and Mayor Adenauer was dismissed.

Compared to some other major cities, however, the Nazis never gained decisive support in Cologne.

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Significantly, the number of votes cast for the Nazi Party in Reichstag elections had always been the national average. Cologne was home to the th Infantry Regiment and the 26th Artillery Regiment.

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The Allies dropped 44, During the Bombing of Cologne in World War IICologne endured air raids [17] by the Western Allieswhich caused approximately 20, civilian casualties and almost completely wiped out the central part of the city.

The devastation was recorded by Hermann Claasen from until the end of the war, and presented in his exhibition and book of Singing in the furnace. This loss was mainly caused by a massive evacuation of the people to more rural areas. The same happened in many other German cities in the last two years of war.

By the end ofhowever, the population had already recovered to approximatelyBy the end of the war, essentially all of Cologne's pre-war Jewish population of 11, had been deported or killed by the Nazis. With Bonn being chosen as the provisional federal capital provisorische Bundeshauptstadt and seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany then informally West GermanyCologne benefited by being sandwiched between two important political centres.

The city became—and still is—home to a number of federal agencies and organizations. After reunification inBerlin was made the capital of Germany. In architect and urban planner Rudolf Schwarz called Cologne the "world's greatest heap of rubble".

The master plan took into consideration the fact that even shortly after the war a large increase in automobile traffic could be anticipated. Plans for new roads had already, to a certain degree, evolved under the Nazi administration, but the actual construction became easier when most of the city centre was in ruins.

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GereonGreat St. The reconstruction lasted until the s, when the Romanesque church of St. Inthe city's population reached pre-war numbers again. The publication dates of the sheets vary, generally from about to For the whole series we use an average date of After German unification inin an agreement dated March 4,the states of Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, and Wurttemberg the areas of modern day Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, and Kaliningrad, and part of Lithuania agreed to map their areas on a 1: Each sheet covers about 30 minutes in longitude and 15 minutes in latitude.

One centimeter on a map is equivalent to 1 kilometer on the ground. Average sheet size is about 35 cm x 28 cm. Each sheet covers about square kilometers and was engraved on copper. A polyhedral projection was used. - the OpenStreetMap Cycle Map

Prime meridian was Ferro, later switched to Greenwich. The series is known as the KDR German General Staff map and was surveyed beginning inalthough many sheets were simply drawn from pre-existing military maps, often of larger more detailed scale.

This map series is remarkable for the level of fine detail. As a consequence, it was scanned at PPI providing four times the resolution of the typical detailed map scan of PPI.